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The law requires employers to provide employees with unpaid leave from work under certain circumstances. The federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) covers employees who work for an employer with 50 or more employees. Under the FMLA, employees may receive up to 12 weeks of unpaid vacation per calendar year.
In order to qualify for FMLA protected leave, you must have been an employee for at least one year and worked a minimum of 1,250 hours.
While an employee is on approved leave, the employee’s health, dental, and vision benefits must be maintained. Your employer may require you to use your paid sick or vacation leave during the time you are away from work. An employer is not allowed to retaliate against an employee for taking protected leave. When you return, your employer must provide you with the same or a similar position that you held before you took leave.